Candlestick charts are a great tool for technical analysis. They can help traders anticipate price moves and make better trading decisions. In this article, we’ve explained the hammer candlestick pattern, which is one of the most popular ones in crypto trading. In timeframes below H4, you often see a lot of hammer candlesticks because it does not take much price activity to create them. E.g., a Forex hammer pattern on a 5-minute chart might only have a 10-pip range. After all, no technical analysis tool or indicator can guarantee a 100% profit in any financial market.


What does a bullish hammer look like?

Bullish hammers have small bodies and long wicks also but are only seen at the end of a downtrend. How to spot a Bullish Hammer pattern: Candle with a short body and long wick (at least 2x the size of the body) Occurs at the bottom of a downward trend.

The body’s colour does not matter, but the pattern is slightly more reliable if the real body is red. The longer the upper wick, the more bearish is the pattern. The small real body is a common feature between the shooting star and the paper umbrella. Going by the textbook definition, the shooting star should not have a lower shadow.

What is the difference between a hammer candlestick and a shooting star?

A doji is another type of candlestick with a small real body. A doji signifies indecision because it is has both an upper and a lower shadow. Dojis may signal a price reversal or a trend continuation, depending on the confirmation that follows. This differs from the hammer, which occurs after a price decline, signals a potential upside reversal , and only has a long lower shadow. The hammer candlestick occurs when sellers enter the market during a price decline. By the time of market close, buyers absorb selling pressure and push the market price near the opening price.

  • This gives a confirmation that the markets are looking to go higher.
  • In order for the Hanging Man candle to be valid, the lower shadow…
  • As long as the lower wick pierces the support level, and the body of the wick closes above the support level – you got a good signal there.
  • The bearish hanging man is a single candlestick and a top reversal pattern.
  • Hammer candles are one of the mostpopular candlestick patternsin technical analysis.
  • The trade would have been profitable for both the risk types.

It is not reliable if establishes three or four after a trend reversal, or one candle in a correction pattern. Like with all price action trading, these past price action indicators are not guaranteed and doesn’t mean you should jump on everything that appears. Support and resistance levels play a big role in most financial markets, so they are important to learn about. The Hammer and Hanging man are simple reversal signal of single Japanese candlesticks chart. It has a small real body with both lower and upper shadows.

It is not a hammer, because it did not appear after a significant downtrend or at the end of a bullish correction pattern, and the RSI did not suggest the end of a correction. It is not a hanging man either, because it did not appear after an uptrend. They both have long lower shadows and a small body at the top. Never trade an inverted hammer without powerful supporting signals.

What is a Hammer Candlestick Chart Pattern?

However, it is commonly part of a swing formation that also enhances its strength of trade. According to Thomas Bulkowski, it’s around 60% accurate at predicting reversals. This is a great way to identify whether a trend is about to change and what the next trend might be.


However, new are not automatically added to or re-ranked on the page until the site performs its 10-minute update. This is because it indicates the end of the downtrend and reversals in the markets can. A hanging man is observed at the end of an uptrend and generally signals a downtrend .

To do so, you can check if the hammer candle occurs close to the main level of a pivot point, support, or Fibonacci level. In the event of a downtrend, the presence of this candle probably means that the selling pressure has ended and that the market may now experience a sideways or upwards trade. The picture above shows an example of placing a Buy Stop order with a Stop Loss and Take Profit after the Hammer Pattern appeared during the downtrend. Take Profit was set at a distance three times bigger than the one between the SL level and Buy Stop.

Construction of the Hammer Candlestick Chart Pattern

A hammer is considered more bullish, especially green, as it means “feeling the bottom with your foot” in Japanese. For the inverted hammer, it is important to wait for confirmation of its bullish sentiment. A hammer is formed at the bottom and signals the start of an uptrend. The hanging man is formed at the top and indicates a trend reversal down. The EURUSD hourly chart shows the formation of a “shooting star” pattern, which warned traders of an impending price decline. On the 15-minute chart, a hanging man pattern formed after an uptrend.

Yes, the hammer candlestick is a classic pattern that effectively determines a trend reversal. Below is an analysis of the hanging man pattern on the BTCUSD H4 chart. The picture shows that after the pattern appeared at each of the local tops, BTCUSD was very actively declining at some points. Each pattern that appeared on the chart warned traders that the trend was ending and bearish resistance was hindering growth. Therefore, in these cases, it is important to exit the purchase and wait for confirmation of the reversal. The hourly EURUSD chart shows that before the start of the uptrend, several bullish hammers formed in a row at the bottom, which warned traders about a potential reversal.

What is the success rate of hammer pattern?

The success rate of Hammer pattern signals is probably about 50%. Losing signals, however, are usually closed fairly quickly whereas positions based on winning signals tend to remain open a long time.

The longer a hammer’s lower wick, the more the activity concerning an asset. A hammer candlestick is a candlestick formation that is used by technical analysts as an indicator of a potential impending bullish reversal in the trading of a financial security. The color of the hammer and inverted hammer candlesticks do not matter.

PLTR Stock Analysis with Ray and Richard

The close price of the currency pair is always above the open price, indicating more significant buying pressures in the market. I trade the major Forex pairs, some Futures contracts, and I rely entirely on Technical Analysis to place my trades. I began trading the markets in the early 1990s, at the age of sixteen. I had a few hundred British pounds saved up , with which I was able to open a small account with some help from my Dad. I started my trading journey by buying UK equities that I had read about in the business sections of newspapers. I was fortunate enough in my early twenties to have a friend that recommended a Technical Analysis course run by a British trader who emphasized raw chart analysis without indicators.

It after a long downtrend, and previously other candles were predicting a possible future uptrend. If the inverted hammer did not convince, the next session was a long green candle, which together made a tweezers. Putting stop loss somehow lower than the low price of the tweezers was a good idea. Look for technical supporting signals for the hammer, such as charts, indicators, support lines, and resistance lines. The candles before a hammer can tell you whether the trend is weakening or not.

Can a bullish hammer candle be red?

What does a red hammer candlestick mean? A red hammer signals a potential bullish trend reversal like a green hammer. It shows that buyers could overpower sellers but could not drive up the asset's price beyond the opening price within the trading period.

Like the Hammer, an Inverted Hammer candlestick pattern is also bullish. The Inverted formation differs in that there is a long upper shadow, whereas the Hammer has a long lower shadow. The Inverted Hammer candlestick formation typically occurs at the bottom of a downtrend. On the price charts, a hammer appears as a single-line pattern – that is, it is made of only one candle which may be red or green – the color of the candle does not matter.

Normally, catching the beginning of the trend is a very hard thing to do, but here’s how you might do it. What does the Marubozu Candlestick Pattern on the chart warn about? What is the meaning of the Marubozu in Forex and other markets?


Combined with other technical indicators, hammer candles may give traders good entry points for long and short positions. Many traders use Japanese candlestick charts to analyze the price of an asset. This type of chart depicts the price action over a certain period and helps a trader check the trend’s strength and predict an upcoming reversal through Japanese candlesticks’ analysis.

Not all traders use this additional rule, but it allows me to be more objective, which helps my trades be more precise. Thus, the bullish sentiment was confirmed in advance, which would allow opening a buy trade. Summing up, smaller timeframes make it possible to determine a favorable entry point, while the larger ones show the approximate target for opening trades. Click the ‘Open account’button on our website and proceed to the Personal Area. Before you can start trading, pass a profile verification. Confirm your email and phone number, get your ID verified.

A hammer candlestick pattern occurs when a security trades significantly lower than its opening but then rallies to close near its opening price. The hammer-shaped candlestick that appears on the chart has a lower shadow at least twice the size of the real body. The pattern suggests that sellers have attempted to push the price lower, but buyers have eventually regained control and returned the price near its opening level. The pattern indicates a potential price reversal to the upside. An inverted hammer tells traders that buyers are putting pressure on the market.

And, the Relative Strength Index supported the hammer by showing it as an overbought level. A hammer candlestick has all three of these characteristics. The beauty of candlestick patterns is that they tell you everything that has happened during a particular trading session. A Doji candlestick signals trend reversals or the continuation of a trend. A doji is also called an indecisive candle as there is no specific indication/decision.